In 2005, with the aim of creating an environmentally sustainable society, the EU WEEE (Waste Electrical and Electronic Equipment) Directive introduced a set of rules governing producer responsibility for electrical equipment.

In Norway, producer responsibility for WEEE is regulated by the “Forskrift om gjenvinning og behandling av avfall”. Producer responsibility is a political instrument that aims to integrate the environmental costs that arise during a product’s lifecycle into the price of the product. Producer responsibility is based on the principle that “the polluter pays”, i.e. those who cause a negative impact on the environment are also responsible for the socio-economic costs that arise as a result.